Dr. Baba Saheb Ambedkar (1891 - 1956)


         Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, was an Indian social reformer and the most important leader of the caste (hereditary class) called the Harijans. He was also a lawyer and played a major role in framing India's constitution. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar was born at Mhow, in western India. His father was a headmaster at an army school. In 1901, the family moved to Bombay where Ambedkar attended Elphinstone College. He was awarded a scholarship by the Gawked (ruler) of Baroda Despite the restrictions of his lowly status. Ambedkar gained doctorates from Columbia University in New York City and the University of London. After his return to India in 1923, Ambedkar soon emerged as one of the few articulate leaders of the Harijans. He resisted Mohandas Gandhi's efforts to merge the Harijans into the mainstream of Hindu society Ambedkar claimed a separate identiy for his people outside the caste system. Ambedkar and 200.000 fellow Harijans converted to Buddhism Nearly three million other Untouchables followed his example. Ambedkar was awarded the Bharat Ratna, postemusly India’s highest civilian decoration. In 1990.

Important events -Ambedkar
1891 Apr 14 Born at Mahu (Madhya Pradesh), the fourteenth child of Subhedar Ramji Sapkal and Mrs. Bhimabai Ambedkar.

Married Ramabhai

1915 Passed M.A. Examination majoring in Economics.

Columbia University conferred a Degree of Ph.D.
Appointed as Military Secretary to H.H. the Maharaja Gaikwar of Baroda

1918 Professor of Political Economy in the Sydenham College of Commerce & Economics, Bombay.
1924 Started practice in the Bombay High Court.
1928 Principal. Government Law College Bombay.
1932-34 Member joint Parliamentary Committee on the Indian Constitutional Reform.
1935 The Congress Party introduced a Bill making a change in the name of Untouchables. I.e. they would be called Harijans meaning sons of God
1941 Dr.Ambedkar was appointed to sit on the Defence Advisory Committee.
1942 Dr. Ambedkar founded the All India Scheduled Castes Federation in Nagpur.
1944 Dr Ambedkar was elected Member of the Constitution Assembly of India.
1947 He became the First Law Minister of Independent India. The Constituent Assembly appointed him to the drafting Committee, which elected him as a Chairman on 29th August 1947.
1948 Dr.Ambedkar presented the Draft Constitution to Constituent Assembly.
1950 Dr Ambedkar went to Colombo as a Delegate to the World Buddhist Conference.
1951 Dr.Ambedkar, Law Minister introduced his "Hindu Code Bill" in the Parliament.
1952 Dr Ambedkar was defeated in the First Lok Sabha elections.
1953-1956 Dr Ambedkar embraced Buddhism at an historic ceremony at Diksha Bhoomi, Nagpur with his millions of followers.
1956 Maha Nirvana at his residence, 26 Alipore Road, New Delhi.

This list was prepared by Dr. Jinadatha

Additional information